VTT RESEARCH | The main objective of this thesis is to advance knowledge of circular economy business potential in the mining industry. Mining and metal companies have been almost totally lacking from the circular economy conversation. In the light of this gap, there is a clear need to understand the business potential for circular economy also in the mining and metals sector. The development of circular economy model for the mining industry has clear potential to solve the challenges related to the shortage of mineral resources, waste of resources and environmental pollution with subsequent economic profits.
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